Top Git Commands (2023) | Git Commands with Examples

 


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git init: Initializes a new Git repository in the current directory.


git clone: Creates a copy of a remote repository onto your local machine.


git add: Adds changes or new files to the staging area in preparation for a commit.


git commit: Records the changes in the repository with a commit message describing the changes made.


git status: Displays the status of files in the repository, showing any changes made but not yet committed.


git log: Shows the commit history of the repository, including commit messages, author, and timestamp.


git diff: Displays the differences between the working directory and the latest commit.


git branch: Lists all branches in the repository and shows the currently checked-out branch.


git checkout: Switches to a different branch or commit in the repository.


git merge: Integrates changes from one branch into another, combining different lines of development.


git pull: Fetches changes from a remote repository and merges them into the current branch.


git push: Pushes changes to a remote repository, making them available to other collaborators.


git fetch: Fetches changes from a remote repository without merging them.


git remote: Lists all remote repositories connected to the current repository.


git fetch: Retrieves changes from a remote repository, but does not merge them.


git reset: Resets the repository to a previous commit, discarding changes made after that commit.


git stash: Temporarily saves changes that are not ready for a commit, allowing for a clean working directory.


git pull request: Creates a pull request to request code review and merging of changes into the main branch.


git checkout -b: Creates a new branch and switches to it in one command.


git rebase: Reapplies commits on top of another branch, allowing for a cleaner commit history.


These are some of the most commonly used Git commands that are essential for managing version control and collaborating on software development projects. Familiarizing yourself with these commands will enable you to effectively work with Git and efficiently manage your codebase. 


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