Appium Desired Capabilities For Android Emulator


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Desired capabilities are a set of key-value pairs that you can use to configure your Appium tests. 

They tell Appium what type of device or emulator you want to run your tests on, what platform version you want to use, and other important information about your test environment.

Here are some common desired capabilities that you might use with Appium:

"platformName": The name of the platform you want to test on, either "Android" or "iOS".

"deviceName": The name of the device or emulator you want to run your tests on. For example, "iPhone 6" or "Nexus 5".

"platformVersion": The version of the platform you want to test on. For example, "7.0" for iOS or "4.4" for Android.

"app": The path to the app you want to test. For example, "/path/to/myApp.apk" for Android or "/path/to/" for iOS.

"automationName": The name of the automation engine you want to use. For example, "UIAutomator2" for Android or "XCUITest" for iOS.

Here is an example of how you might set desired capabilities in a Java test script using Appium:

DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
capabilities.setCapability("platformName", "Android");
capabilities.setCapability("deviceName", "Nexus 5");
capabilities.setCapability("platformVersion", "4.4");
capabilities.setCapability("app", "/path/to/myApp.apk");
capabilities.setCapability("automationName", "UIAutomator2");

In this example, we are specifying that we want to run our tests on an Android device named "Nexus 5" with platform version "4.4". 

We are also specifying the path to the app we want to test and the automation engine we want to use.

Note that desired capabilities are not specific to Appium; they are a standard way of specifying configuration information for many mobile testing frameworks.

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