Basic Appium Installation and Setup | Learn Appium Online

 

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This Tutorial will guide you through the process of setting up and using Appium for mobile app testing.



Step 1: Install Appium


To get started with Appium, you first need to install it on your computer. You can download the Appium Desktop for Windows, Mac & Linux from the Appium website and install Appium on your computer.

Click here to download AppiumAppium Desktop




Step 2: Install Java


Appium is written in Java, so you'll need to have the Java Development Kit (JDK) installed on your computer to run the Appium server. You can download the JDK from the Oracle website.

Note: Provide the Java installation path in System Environment Variables.




Step 3: Install an Android emulator or iOS simulator


If you want to test your app on an Android emulator or iOS simulator, you'll need to install one. For Android, you can use an emulator like Android Studio or Genymotion. For iOS, you can use the iOS Simulator that comes with Xcode.



Step 4: Set up the desired capabilities


The desired capabilities are a set of parameters that specify the characteristics of the test environment, such as the platform (Android or iOS), the type of device or emulator, and the path to the app you want to test.


To set up the desired capabilities, you'll need to create a JSON file that contains the desired capabilities for your test environment. For example, 


The following JSON file sets up a test environment for an Android emulator:



{
 
  "platformName": "Android",
 
  "deviceName": "Android Emulator",
  "app": "/path/to/app.apk"
 
}



Step 5: Start the Appium server


Once you have set up the desired capabilities, you can start the Appium server. 

You can start the server from the command line by running the following command:



appium



Step 6: Get Elements Using Appium Inspector


Install Appium inspector on your desktop, provide the capabilities of the Emulator or Physical device in the inspector application then run the inspector which takes the snapshot of the emulator and we can get all the required Elements for writing test scripts.


Click here to Download Appium InspectorAppium Inspector


After installing Appium Inspector.  You need to provide the below-desired capabilities to inspect elements.


{
 
  "appium:platformName": "Android",
  "appium:PlatformVersion": "10"
 
  "appium:deviceName": "Android Emulator",

  "appium:udid": "emulator-5554",
 
  "appium:appPackage": "package name",
  "appium:appActivity": "activity name"
 
}

After providing the Desired Capabilities Make sure the Appium Server is running and the Emulator is open then click on the Start session button for inspecting.



Step 7: Write a test script


Next, you can write a test script using your preferred programming language and the Appium API. The test script should interact with your app and perform the actions you specify.


For example, the following Java code opens an app and taps a button:



DesiredCapabilities desiredCapabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
 
desiredCapabilities.setCapability("platformName", "Android");
 
desiredCapabilities.setCapability("deviceName", "Android Emulator");
 
desiredCapabilities.setCapability("app", "/path/to/app.apk");
 
 
 
WebDriver driver = new AndroidDriver(new URL("http://0.0.0.0:4723/wd/hub"), desiredCapabilities);
 
 
 
WebElement button = driver.findElement(By.id("button"));
 
button.click();



Step 8: Run the test script


Finally, you can run the test script, which will launch your app and execute the test actions. The Appium server will report the results of the test and you can use them to verify the behavior of your app.


This is a basic introduction to using Appium for mobile app testing. To learn more about Appium and its features, you can refer to the Appium documentation.




Step 9: Analyze the test results


Once the test script has been executed, you can analyze the results to see if your app is functioning as expected. If the test script fails, you can use the results to identify the problem and debug the code.


Appium provides various tools for analyzing the test results, such as logs and screenshots. You can use these tools to troubleshoot any issues that you encounter during the testing process.




Step 10: Repeat the process


Repeat the testing process as many times as necessary until you are satisfied with the results. You can also expand your test suite to include additional test cases and cover more of your app's functionality.



Step 11: Automate the tests


To make the testing process more efficient, you can automate your tests using a continuous integration (CI) system, such as Jenkins. With a CI system, you can automatically run your tests every time you make changes to your app, ensuring that your app continues to function as expected.


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